Types of Hernia
The term hernia is a general one meaning the protrusion of an internal organ through the fascia of a muscle wall in the abdomen. As such, hernias can take several forms in various locations and for differing reasons. The most common forms of hernia are:
Inguinal hernias are those that present in the groin area. The vast majority of hernias occur here. In most cases, a hernia in the groin is a result of the small intestine pushing through the abdominal wall muscle. Most patients will report tenderness in the area along with a bulge that can be felt or even seen under the skin. These hernias generally occur in male patients, although female patients may also suffer from inguinal hernias. Learn more about inguinal hernias
Femoral hernias occur in the lower groin and upper thigh area. These hernias are less common than an inguinal hernia and form lower in the body. Femoral hernias tend to be more common in women and should be repaired as soon as possible as they have a higher chance, than other hernias, of becoming strangulated.
Incisional hernias are caused by an incision or surgery. A surgical procedure or incision can compromise the strength of a muscle wall and allow a hernia to form. Incisional hernias do not necessarily occur immediately after surgery. In fact, patients have reported incisional hernias years after a procedure. Care should be taken to minimize strain on any area of the abdomen on which a surgical procedure has previously been performed.
Umbilical hernias form near the navel. The navel or belly button is a particularly weak point in the abdominal wall. Every human being is predisposed to weakness at the umbilicus. Umbilical hernias can be created or exacerbated by obesity or pregnancy.
There are other forms of hernias as well, some of which are more common than others. Seeing a qualified medical professional at the first signs of a hernia is the best course of action to diagnose and treat it quickly.